A presentation at Heritage University at CBC Week 03 in
September 2019 in
Pasco, WA 99301, USA by
Location: CBC Campus - SWL 206Time: Wednesday from 5:30-8:15Week 03: 09/02/19 — 09/08/19Reading Assignment: Hepworth, Rooney, Rooney, and Strom-Gottfried (2016) Chapters 1 & 2Topic and Content Area: Direct Social Work PracticeAssignments Due: Reading QuizOther Important Information: N/A
“You can close your eyes to the things you don’t want to see, but you can’t close your heart to the things you don’t want to feel.”
Each of us to our own degree has had experiences that were difficult, and often times we’ve had somebody who has supported or comforted us.
[Small Group Activity] You will work in small groups of 3-5 people. Recall a time that you were experiencing an intense emotional difficulty and were comforted and supported…
Recall a time that you were experiencing an intense emotional difficulty and were comforted and supported…
“Social work practitioners help clients move towards specific objectives…” (hepworth, p. 5)
In the preamble section, the NASW Code of Ethics gives six different values.
Another area of competency for social workers and part of out ecclectic base of knowledge is that of Research-Informed Practice and Practice-Informed Research
[Discussion] Why is social work research important.
Social workers must be able to evaluate effectively the work they do with clients at all levels. The evaluation of macro system effectiveness, and the ability to understand, analyze, and critically evaluate social literature and research.
Why Knowledge about social work research is important
The most standard, but also the hardest way to complete practice is through what Rubin (2007) describes as the Process Model.
“A form of evidence-based practice in which the individual practitioner formulates a question about his or her work with a client that is answerable with data, consults the appropriate empirical literature, assesses the evidence, shares it with the client, makes an informed collaborative decision, implements the intervention, and assesses its effectiveness.” (Hepworth, et al., 2017)
Very common is getting specific training in a particular EBP (i.e. ART, Guiding Good Choices, etc.)
“focuses not just on knowing about the intervention but on acquiring the skills necessary to carry it out effectively” (Hepworth, et al. 2017, p. 19)
Concerns Include: Generalize beyond effectiveness, short-term nature of of EBP
In working with clients, taking a more eclectic approach is sometimes the method. This is especially true with increased use of training in EBP’s…
Common Elements Approach: In evidence-based practice, examining commonalities across effective interventions (Chorpita, Daleiden, & Weisz, 2005).
Common Factors Approach: In evidence-based practice, emphasizing broad factors shared by different intervention approaches, such as strength of relationship or alliance (Duncan, Miller, Wampold, & Hubble, 2010).
Deciding when and how to intervene with our clients is a vital skill that social workers must learn. The following are some of the criteria that we must consider:
(Watson-Glaser, 1925) from https://www.thinkwatson.com/the-red-model
Another process for generalist practice is that of critical thinking…
The greatest thing you can learn from college is critical thinking
[Discussion] What does critical thinking mean?
The textbook introduces the concept of a eco-map. The graphic below is from a mind map.
[Small Group Activity] Create a eco-map with a partner
In social work, we have all types of clients that we work with.
[Whole Class Activity] Discuss the differences and possible clients for each client type.
Involuntary clients are clients that are forced into involvement with social workers and really do not want to be involved. They could be mandated or non-mandated.
[Discussion] What might be some reasons for clients being mandated?
10 suggestions of working with involuntary clients.
Didn’t talk about yesterday because I feel like it is a bit more difficult to understand and talk about. It’s a bit different, kind of a combination of both Ecological perspective and systems theory.
“A model of interacting elements that enables social workers to examine strengths and weaknesses in transactions between persons, families, cultures, and communities as systems” (Hepworth, et al., 2017, p. 13)
Straight out of biological terms, the concepts of Habitats and niches are important in ecological systems model.
Habitat: The physical and social setting and cultural context within which a person lives. (i.e. overall environment)
Niche: The status or role occupied by a member of the community. (i.e. how the person connects with the habit, think interface)
“Assessment from an ecological systems perspective obviously requires knowledge of the diverse systems involved in interactions between people and their environments”
There are a number of terms that are also associated with ecological systems model. These include:
“Ecological systems theory posits that individuals constantly engage in transactions with other humans and with other systems in the environment, and that these individuals and systems reciprocally influence each other.”
Mutual Influence of People and Environments
equifinality: The principle that the same outcome can be achieved even with different starting points.
multifinality: The principle that the same starting point may lead to different outcomes.
Social work is a extremely diverse field. One of the benefits of the generalist methods for social work is that we can practice in so many different fields of practice. While the specific job titles might not be social worker for each one of these professions, these are all areas that we practice in.
[Whole Class Activity - Discussion] discuss each of the fields of practice, with potential examples of roles social workers might take:
Most of the problems that social workers face are complex and could fall in more than one field of practice and it is important to know a wide range of services.
[Small Group Activity - Discussion] What areas of practice do you think of when you think of social work?
-> Previous other categories
Along with the various areas of practice that we fulfill, we also have roles that we implement. These include the following:
View Week 03 - An Overview of Direct Social Work Practice.
An overview of Direct Social Work Practice. The following is the agenda: